Objective. To study no matter whether maternal sensitivity in non-distress contexts and nurturance to infants’ distress mediate the association involving cumulative sociodemographic chance and children’s rising language ability. Layout. Members have been a neighborhood sample of moms and their infants (n = 99). Through an preliminary home go to, moms and infants 6 to 12 months previous have been videorecorded throughout cost-free-perform and infant distress-eliciting responsibilities, and moms delivered demographic information. Maternal behaviors have been coded for sensitivity and nurturance to distress. Six months just after the home go to, moms documented children’s language ability. Cumulative chance was a latent variable with dichotomous indicators of substantial school training or a lot less, revenue-to-demands ratio <1, maternal age ≤21, single parenthood, and minority status. Child language, a latent variable with five percentile scores as indicators, was regressed onto sensitivity, nurturance, and the latent risk variable. The indirect effects between sociodemographic risk and child language outcome via sensitivity and nurturance to distress were also estimated. Final results. Possibility was negatively related with maternal sensitivity and nurturance to distress in infancy. Sensitivity, but not nurturance to distress, mediated the association involving chance and baby language ability involving 12 and 22 months of age. Conclusions. Maternal sensitivity in non-distress contexts may perhaps stand for an vital goal of intervention systems aimed at boosting early language progress among substantial-chance family members.